The Global Climate Risk Index analyses to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heatwaves etc.).The countries and territories affected most in 2018 were Japan, the Philippines as well as Germany. For the period from 1999 to 2018 Puerto Rico, Myanmar and Haiti rank highest. In agriculture, a European heatwave and drought in the summer of 2018 led to widespread harvest failures and a massive decline in agricultural productivity in many countries across the continent. Struggling to cope with the consequences, various national governments sought help from the European Commission. In Germany alone, some 8,000 farmers were prompted to call for federal emergency relief worth around EUR 1 billion (US$ 1.18 billion) in order to be compensated for their losses after a massive decline in harvest resulted in total damages of EUR 3 billion (US$ 3.54 billion).